Sunday, September 25, 2011
By Susan Austin
Rally against the pulp mill.

For the past seven years, the community action group TAP into better Tasmania, formerly Tasmanians Against the Pulp Mill, has campaigned against Gunns Ltd’s attempts to build a pulp mill in the Tamar Valley. TAP spokesperson Bob McMahon spoke to Green Left Weekly’s Susan Austin.

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How many years has the campaign against Gunns’ pulp mill been going for?

Seven years and the show rolls on. What keeps the campaign going, and why so many people are opposed, is that the community cannot abide the obscenity of government support for the pulp mill project and the transference of so much money and resources, stolen from the people, to this much-favoured company.

Imposing a world-scale pulp industry onto Tasmania, an island that is not world scale, has never been about private enterprise hitting its straps. It was always a state sponsored project in the Soviet style.

The campaign has taken a toll on peoples’ health and livelihoods. That is an understatement.

Many people thought that it would be game over for Gunns when its pulp mill construction permits were due to lapse on August 31 because they hadn’t “substantially commenced” the mill. However, the government is allowing work to continue while the Environment Protection Authority dithers on the issue of the permits. Do you think this issue of permits is significant?

Once permits expired — not forgetting they had already been extended by two years — it would have been game over in a society governed by the rule of law. But this is Tasmania, where Gunns is a law unto themselves and they are apparently exempt from laws that apply to everyone else.

They even write their own legislation. The Pulp Mill Assessment Act 2007, for instance, was drafted by Gunns’ lawyers and rubber stamped by parliament. This is an unconscionable state of affairs in a country that purports to be a democracy. Tasmania is nakedly ruled by and for corporate interest. What a massive failure of federalism this represents.

Members of Code Green have begun protests at the front of the mill and civil disobedience actions on site, locking on to machinery to prevent construction work. Does TAP support these protests? Will TAP and Pulp the Mill be organising mass blockades? What level of collaboration is there between the groups opposing the mill?

TAP fully supports Code Green in their pulp mill protests. Protest action on site will escalate if state and federal governments continue to prop up this moribund project and throw more of the people’s money at it.

Cooperation between anti-pulp mill groups is essential. The philosophy and actions of no one group is the solution to this situation. I would favour spontaneous protest action — a creative approach.

This could become a rolling rebellion if the pulp mill is pursued against the will of the people. One can hope it doesn’t come to that. After seven years of failing to attract a single investment dollar, Gunns is relying upon government, or perhaps calling on government, to kick-start the project.

They may also be spending money on site as a means of leveraging a big or bigger compensation payment out of government if certain undertakings or understandings or guarantees from government do not eventuate.

What campaign tactics is TAP pursuing at the moment?

TAP — with Code Green — black-flagged Gunns’ head office in Launceston when the compensation package for Gunns was announced.

We declared the site a crime scene because Gunns was in receipt of stolen goods … TAP will continue to respond to events as they unfold – we may take our black-flagging to certain political and public service offices in Hobart.

TAP is also taking legal advice, not Tasmanian I should emphasize. We are identifying strategic sites for occupation and blockade should it come to that.

A comment by Russell Langfield on Tasmanian Times on September 17 read: “No social licence = no FSC [Forest Stewardship Council certification] = no market = no profit = no JVP [Joint Venture Partner] = no pulp mill.” What do you think of this equation? Will the Intergovernmental Agreement on Forests, which approved a payout to Gunns for retiring its native-forest logging contracts, help the company in claiming to have a social licence for its mill?

Absolutely. The weak link in the equation is FSC. The current chairman of FSC Australia is Sean Cadman, the chief architect of the rapprochement between the environmental NGO’s and Gunns. This has resulted in an exit from native forest logging in exchange for a plantation/pulp industry. That’s the deal.

If, further to that deal, FSC Australia moves to have FSC accreditation granted to Gunns’ plantations [that’s another problem].

Currently, plantations established since 1994 on cleared native forest land — which is the bulk of Gunns’ plantations — are not eligible for certification.

TAP, as a member of FSC Australia, as well as other members including Timber Workers for Forests, will apply to FSC International in Bonn to have FSC Australia exposed or even wound up.

The IGA — the Intergovernmental Agreement also known as “In Gunns’ Arms” — has played right into Gunns’ hands, to continue the anatomical parallel.

Right [from] the beginning, the forest roundtable … [was] always about delivering desired outcomes for Gunns and public money to a failed industry, in exchange for the conservation of native forest.

Gunns and both state and federal governments have always asserted that this process has been community driven and has thus delivered Gunns and the proposed pulp mill a social license.

In reality the community has been deliberately excluded from the process. As a result TAP regards the process as illegitimate, unrepresentative, secret and elitist.

The three major environmental NGOs involved in the forest agreement — The Wilderness Society (TWS), Environment Tasmania (ET) and the Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF) — remain opposed to Gunns’ pulp mill. Have they remained active in the campaign? Do you think their involvement in the forest agreement has weakened the united campaign against the pulp mill and if so, how?

ACF was never active in the campaign. In fact, Don Henry and Lindsay Hesketh (as well as Sean Cadman) accept that the Tamar Valley pulp mill is a fair exchange for a cessation of native forest logging.

TWS and ET dealt themselves out of the campaign in favour of the deal, and can now never return. While they still may say they oppose the pulp mill, but not a pulp mill, they are in a weaker position than the Tasmanian Greens.

As for the Tasmanian Greens, who have disappointed so many of their supporters … They say they are opposed to the Tamar Valley pulp mill.

But by their actions in supporting the “forest principles”, which included in-principle support for a pulp industry and the shonky process that produced the principles as well as compensation money (they call it “buy back”) for Gunns, they have facilitated the furtherance of Gunns’ pulp mill aims.

But, the Greens claim, this doesn’t matter because there won’t be a pulp mill. Is it any wonder their supporters are confused and Green support is fading? It doesn’t help that the confuser is blaming the confused.

Does TAP want to protect Tasmania’s native forests from logging and if so, what alternative do you propose to forest agreement?

The method and scale of native forest logging in Tasmania is a crime against the planet. We have allowed to be liquidated much of the rare cool temperate forest supposedly held in trust for future generations.

But the notion that monoculture tree plantations are the answer is wrong-headed in the extreme. Plantations have been an economic, social and environmental disaster.

TAP, as a member of FSC Australia, favours whole of catchment management and selective forestry on a scale in keeping with properly established criteria of sustainability.

There are many areas of Tasmania that should never have been logged and should never be logged. What do you call an agreement with which very few people agree?

[Bob McMahon will speak at the Climate Change Social Change activist conference in Melbourne over September 30 to October 3.]

Satire: Dave Groves: HERE

• Government Forest Agreement says no to pulp mill money

“More than anything else, the Gunn’s pulp mill project has angered the people of Tasmania”, writes Wilderness Society Tasmania’s Launceston community campaigner, Ruth Groom.

“From concerns about native forest being used for pulp, to pollution in the Bass Strait, to the unaccountable and fatally flawed approval process, the issues around the mill are so enormous they can’t be ignored…. But even a plantation-fed pulp mill would bring a raft of serious environmental concerns.”

“Negotiations around the Tasmanian Forest Agreement have always been challenging but - despite the public confusion - these negotiations have never been about Gunn’s pulp mill,”

“In line with the views of our members and supporters, the Wilderness Society Tasmania has always voiced our opposition to the pulp mill….no government money will be put toward the [Gunns’ pulp mill] project”

According to the Forest Agreement Gunns will not be receiving compensation that many were worried about, rather Gunns will only be entitled to [government] money that comes from selling its rights to process native forest logs back to the Governments; so the Government can deliver on forest protection.”

“Protecting forests, supporting workers and restructuring the logging industry to focus on existing plantations are all important steps forward resolving conflict over Tassie’s forests, but it’s critical that we also consider the kind of new industry we’re creating.”

“Building this new industry around one of the most controversial, divisive and opposed projects Tasmania has ever seen does not make sense and will not deliver a conflict-free future.”

“The Wilderness Society Tasmania will continue to work with local communities [in the Tamar Valley] to oppose the [Gunns] pulp mill and promote an alternative vision for the timber industry in Tasmania. This vision would see Tasmania protect its native forests while growing, processing and marketing quality plantation timber to meet our needs.”

Reference: Wilderness News (Spring 2011 Issue No. 179) - ‘Government Forest Agreement says no to pulp mill money’ by Ruth Groom.